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How to Install Ubuntu Desktop in Virtual Box ?

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Ubuntu Desktop 24.04 LTS System Requirement
Ubuntu Desktop 24.04 LTS System Requirement

Installing Ubuntu in VirtualBox involves several steps. Here’s a detailed guide to help you through the process:

System Requirement for Ubuntu Desktop 24.04 LTS

  • 2 GHz dual-core processor or better
  • 4 GB system memory
  • 25 GB of free hard drive space
  • Either a USB port or a DVD drive for the installer media
  • Internet access is helpful

Prerequisites

  1. Download and Install VirtualBox: If you haven’t already, download and install the latest version of VirtualBox from the official VirtualBox website. HOWTO
  2. Download Ubuntu ISO: Download the Ubuntu ISO file from the official Ubuntu website.

Step-by-Step Installation Guide

1. Open VirtualBox and Create a New Virtual Machine

  1. Open VirtualBox: Launch the VirtualBox application.
  2. Create a New VM:
    • Click on New to create a new virtual machine.
    • Name your VM (e.g., “Ubuntu”).
    • Set the Type to Linux.
    • Set the Version to Ubuntu (64-bit).

2. Allocate Memory (RAM)

  1. Set Memory Size: Allocate RAM to the VM. The recommended amount for Ubuntu is at least 4 GB , but you can allocate more if your host system has enough RAM.

3. Create a Virtual Hard Disk

  1. Create Virtual Hard Disk: Choose Create a virtual hard disk now and click Create.
  2. Hard Disk File Type: Select VDI (VirtualBox Disk Image) and click Next.
  3. Storage on Physical Hard Disk: Choose between Dynamically allocated or Fixed size. Dynamically allocated is usually sufficient.
  4. Set Disk Size: Allocate at least 25 GB of disk space and click Create.

4. Configure the Virtual Machine

  1. Select VM and Open Settings: Select your new VM and click on Settings.
  2. System Settings:
    • Go to the System tab and then the Processor tab.
    • Allocate at least 2 CPUs if your host system has more than 2 CPUs.
  3. Display Settings:
    • Go to the Display tab and increase Video Memory to at least 128 MB.
  4. Storage Settings:
    • Go to the Storage tab.
    • Under Controller: IDE, click on the empty disk icon.
    • Click the disk icon next to Optical Drive and select Choose a disk file.
    • Navigate to and select the Ubuntu ISO file you downloaded.
  5. Network Settings:
    • Go to the Network tab.
    • Ensure that Attached to is set to NAT for internet access.
Related:   What Are the Differences Between Linux and Unix Operating System ?

5. Start the Virtual Machine and Install Ubuntu

  1. Start the VM: Click Start to boot the VM.
  2. Ubuntu Installation:
    • The VM will boot from the Ubuntu ISO. Select Install Ubuntu.
    • Follow the on-screen instructions to install Ubuntu.
    • Choose your language, keyboard layout, and installation type (Normal or Minimal).
    • Optionally check Download updates while installing Ubuntu and Install third-party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware if needed.
    • Allocate disk space for Ubuntu installation. Usually, Erase disk and install Ubuntu is fine for new installations.
    • Set your timezone.
    • Enter your user details: your name, computer name, username, and password.

6. Complete the Installation

  1. Finish Installation: The installer will copy files and complete the installation.
  2. Restart: After installation is complete, you will be prompted to restart the VM.
  3. Remove Installation Media: VirtualBox might prompt you to remove the installation media. Just press Enter to continue.

 

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